19. Catherine Emma SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born on 25 Dec 1854 in Melbourne Colony of Victoria and was christened in 1855 in St.James' Melbourne Colony of Victoria. Another name for Catherine was Kitty.
Catherine married William Harley MAXWELL-HYSLOP  [MRIN: 7728], son of Maxwell HYSLOP, Of Lotus  and Mary ROBERTSON , in 1879 in Melbourne Colony of Victoria. William was born in Nov 1852.
General Notes: Maxwell Heraldry
This is an introduction to the Heraldry of the Maxwell family. The rules of heraldry are quite complex for the novice but if you remember that a coat of arms can only be owned by a single person at a time, then you know the most important rule of heraldry. This is not a comprehensive guide to heraldry but meant only as a taster.
Firstly, there is no such thing as a Maxwell family crest or a Maxwell family coat of arms. Any coats of arms pertaining to Maxwells that you may have seen are owned or were owned by an individual. The great majority of Maxwells do not own any arms. However if they can prove relationship to owners of arms either living or dead they may be able to apply a heraldic authority and obtain arms of their own. The only legal ensign most Maxwells may bear is the Belt and Buckle Badge which represents the Crest of the Chief of Maxwell surrounded by a belt with the Chief's motto upon it. This shows that the wearer has fellowship with and is a supporter of the Chief of the name, in this case, Maxwell. The badge is always in silver or plan white metal and is never represented in any other colour.
Most Maxwell coats of arms have been granted or matriculated by the Lord Lyon, King of Arms, the chief herald of Scotland. It is through this heraldic authority that the earliest Maxwell coats of arms came into being. The Chief of the Maxwell family started to use his distinctive armorial late in the twelfth century or early in the thirteenth century. The Maxwell Chief used the unique black diagonal cross on a white field. The correct heraldic term for this “Argent, a saltire Sable”. A saltire is the diagonal cross, Sable is colour black and Argent is the silver or ‘white’ field. In heraldry there is no ‘white’ or ‘yellow’. Although these colours are seen they represent the silver and gold coloured metals, thus Argent for silver and Or for gold. The other principle colours in heraldry are; Gules: red, Azure: blue, Vert: green and Purpure: purple.
The arms “Argent, a saltire Sable” are unique in the armorial world to the Lords Maxwell, the chiefs of the name Maxwell and date back to the very earliest period of heraldry. Within the early family, marks of cadency and differences began to appear on the arms of junior branches of the family, each forming a unique new armorial. Maxwell of Nether Pollok placed a gold ring over his black saltire and Maxwell of Calderwood surrounded his saltire with a black and white chequered border. These “differences” have persisted in these families right up to modern times.
Arms were usually the preserve of male members of the family passing father to son as a right of inheritance. However, if there were no male children, the arms could pass through a female line to grandchildren thus preserving the old arms. When a marriage took place between armigerous persons the two coats could be “Quartered” together to make a new coat. This can be seen in the coat of John Maxwell of Calderwood who's father had married the heiress of Dennistoun of that Ilk. Thus, the arms of Janet Dennistoun's father are preserved for posterity in the arms of Maxwell of Calderwood.
The Lords of Maxwell bore above their arms a crest of a 'A stag couchant before a holly bush proper'. That is to say a stag sitting in front of a holly bush. The crest is born on a wreath of his livery colours which are now black and silver (white) but were red and silver in ancient times. This crest is the one worn by loyal followers of the Chief today in their Belt and Buckle Badges. The Maxwells of Calderwood and Pollok both had Saracens heads for crests which are usually associated with crusader pasts. Most of the Irish branches of the Maxwell family had stags heads for crests as did the Lords Herries and the Maxwells of Dargavel.
The motto of the ancient Lord Maxwell was 'I byd ye fair' which was a greeting, however the fifth Earl of Nithsdale changed his motto to 'Reviresco' which is Latin for 'I flourish'. On Scottish armorials the motto always appears in an escroll over the top of the crest whilst on English arms it is placed below the shield. Some Scottish families carry their war-cry or slughorn (from which we get the word slogan) on an escroll beneath their arms. The slughorn of the Maxwell's is 'Wardlaw'. Some interpret this as meaning 'we are the defenders of the warden's law' after the Chief's role as Warden of the Western Marches. Another interpretation is that 'Wardlaw' is a gathering cry. On hearing the cry, Maxwell's men would rally at the top of a small hill beside Caerlaverock Castle called Wardlaw. To complete the full achievement of the ancient Lords of Maxwell, the shield is held up right by two Supporters. Supporters are usually only granted to chiefs, peers and other high raking nobles. The Lords Maxwell had two rampant stags for supporters which stood on a grassy hillock. With his helmet and the mantling flowing from it, this completes the Lord Maxwell ancient armorial.
The Armorial Achievement of the Lords Maxwell of Caerlaverock to 1581
The armorial achievements of the Maxwell family are manyfold and diverse. I have collected over one hundred different coats, all with the exception of two are based on the black saltire of the ancient Maxwell Lords of Caerlaverock. The exceptions come from the English College of Heralds which obey slightly different rules in their determination of heraldic grants. In the heraldic lineage of Sir Robin Maxwell-Hyslop below you can see how the English heralds have changed the nature of the saltire in the arms of Captain Alexander Maxwell-Hyslop to differentiate between his and the Scottish arms of Maxwell of Glengabor. It is an heraldic conundrum as to why the Hyslop family should have a coat of arms based on the Maxwell crest. They may have been part of the Maxwell household in the past but when the arms were registered they were in possession of their own lands in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. The Bayly's of Sheepstor are a Devonshire family.
Below are some of my collection of Maxwell coats chosen not just for their diversity and colour but also to demonstrate the use of borders and additional charges to difference armorial coats. If you would like to know more about Maxwell arms or even how to acquire some for yourself contact the webmaster. Alternatively for a broader view of Scot heraldry I recommend another of my sites, that of the Heraldry Society of Scotland.
All images ? Copyright 2000 George Anthony Maxwell.
Captain Alexander Henry Maxwell-Hyslop GC. RN. (1895-1978)
Alexander Henry Maxwell Hyslop was born 25th May 1895, the son of Colonel Robert Maxwell Hyslop RE and his wife Emily Clara Brock. His father was a descendent of John Maxwell of Terraughty and the Hyslop family of Lotus and his mother was the sister of, Admiral of the Fleet, Sir Osmond de Beauvior Brock. He was educated at Rottingdean near Brighton and in 1907 he entered Osbourne Naval School moving on to Dartmouth Navel College at the age of 15.
Alexander went to sea as a Midshipman in 1913 just before Britain was plunged into the Great War. His first ship was HMS Centurion, but soon after the start of the war he was transferred to the Royal Naval Air Station at Polegate in Sussex. Here he served on four airships the, No 9, SS1, SS10 and the SS12. Alexander was a very fit, athletic young man and during the war he won the heavy-weight boxing championship of the Grand Fleet as a light heavy-weight. Later in the war he served on to HMS Africa, HMS Repulse and HMS Revenge. After the war, now a Lieutenant, Alexander was stationed on Whale Island at the gunnery course and later served on HMS Ceres and HMS Furious. During the early 1920's, he led the Royal Navy rugby team's forwards for three years.
He married Cecelia Joan Bayly daughter of Bayly and had two sons Alexander Bayly and Robert John born at Ivybridge Devon, 6th June 1931. Lieutenant Maxwell Hyslop was further promoted and by 1929, he was a Lieutenant Commander serving as Gunnery Officer on board HMS Devonshire. In July of that year, there was a serious explosion on board as a result of which he was awarded the Albert Medal. His first command was HMS Laburnham on the New Zealand station in the Pacific in 1933. He returned to the United Kingdom in 1935 as Commander of the Boys Training Establishment, HMS Impregnable and promoted to Captain in 1938.
Returning to sea in 1939, he took command of HMS Durban at the outbreak of the second World War. He was captain of Destroyers at Devonport until 1941 and then spent the next three years on Arctic duties in command of HMS Cumberland, during which period he commanded Operations Gearbox 2 and 3, both part of the relief of Spitzbergen. In 1944 Captain Maxwell Hyslop assumed command of the battleship, HMS Nelson, which was involved in the bombardment of the Normandy landing area's fortifications. In the later part of 1944, Captain Maxwell Hyslop was ADC to King George VI. His last post, was as commander of the Naval Officers Selection station, HMS Raleigh at Torpoint.
He was invalided out of the Royal Navy in 1946 and retired to Par in Cornwall. There, he was the Chief Warden of the county's Civil Defence and later a District Councillor. In 1970, unbeknown to him, a petition was brought before the Queen, that the Albert Medal had lost it's significance in the public eye and that it was felt that the George Cross (of which the Albert Medal was the Naval equivalent) should be awarded to in its place. As part of this modification of honours and awards, the surviving Albert Medal holders went to Buckingham Palace in 1971 and the Queen exchanged their Albert Medals for George Crosses. Alexander's citation was read out as the paradigm citation. His Albert Medal was presented to HMS Excellent where it is on display. He anglicised his conjoined surname by Deed Poll in 1928 by adding a hyphen between the Maxwell and the Hyslop, this was to prevent confusion in English circles where the Scottish conjoined name is not wholly understood. In retirement, he sailed with the Fowey Yacht Club where he was vice-commodore, hunted with his two dogs and annually ploughed his 8 acre field at Prideaux until his death on 28th August 1978. A few years ago, Alexander's George Cross, was presented to the Speaker of the House of Commons by his son, Sir Robert J Maxwell-Hyslop, MP., and now forms part of the collection of Honours and Awards in the Houses of Parliament.
Adapted from Lieutenant Commander Maxwell Hyslop's Albert Medal Citation.
"HMS Devonshire was carrying out full calibre firing on 26th July 1929 when, at the first salvo there was a heavy explosion which blew off the roof of one of the turrets. Lieutenant-Commander Maxwell Hyslop was in the fore control when the explosion occurred, and immediately proceeded to the turret and climbed inside. He made a general examination of the turret, and descended the gun well through most dangerous conditions of fumes and smoke, necessitating the use of a life line, remaining in the turret until the emergency was over, directing arrangements for the safety of the magazine, and supervising the evacuation of the wounded. He was fully aware of the danger to himself from the results of cordite fumes, and the grave risk of further explosions. At the time this officer entered the turret the fire produced by the explosion was still burning and it was impossible to estimate the real state of affairs due to the heavy smoke. He was fully aware that there were other cordite charges in the hoist and handling room below which might ignite at any moment with almost certain fatal results to himself, and he deliberately endangered his own life to save the lives of others." (London Gazette: 19th November 1929)
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Hyslop | Kathleen Rachel | Maxwell- | b 1914 | née Clay | archaeologist x Maxwell-Hyslop | Kathleen Rachel
Children from this marriage were:
32 F i. Alice Mary MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1880 and died in 1923 at age 43.
Alice married Conrad SAYCE  [MRIN: 7729].
33 M ii. William Edgar MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1881 and died in Dec 1881.
34 F iii. Eva MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1882 and died in Dec 1882.
35 F iv. Ethel Camilla MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1883 and died in 1925 at age 42.
36 F v. Marjorie Catherine MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1885.
Marjorie married Lindley Arthur BAKER  [MRIN: 7730].
+ 37 M vi. Kenneth Gordon MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born on 24 Feb 1886 in Prahran Melbourne Colony of Victoria.
+ 38 F vii. Dorothy Victoria MAXWELL-HYSLOP  was born in 1887.
39 F viii. Bridget MAXWELL-HYSLOP  . Another name for Bridget is Biddy.
22. Frederick Saxon SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born on 11 Apr 1860 in St Kilda Melbourne Colony of Victoria, died in 1929 in Caulfield Melbourne VIC Australia at age 69, and was buried on 25 Oct 1929 in St.Kilda Cemetery Melbourne VIC Australia.
Frederick married Lillian Evangeline MACQUEEN  [MRIN: 7739].
Children from this marriage were:
+ 40 M i. William MacQueen Saxon SIDDELEY  was born in 1895 in St Kilda Melbourne Colony of Victoria and died in 1971 in Heidelberg Melbourne VIC Australia at age 76.
41 F ii. Mavis Lillian SIDDELEY  was born in 1896 in Armadale Melbourne Colony of Victoria and died in 1937 in Colac VIC Australia at age 41.
42 F iii. Ida Madge SIDDELEY  was born in 1898 in Armadale Melbourne Colony of Victoria, died in 1899 in Armadale Melbourne Colony of Victoria at age 1, and was buried on 2 Jun 1899 in St.Kilda Cemetery Melbourne VIC Australia.
43 F iv. Constance Nerada SIDDELEY  was born in 1901 in Armadale Melbourne VIC Australia.
44 F v. Helen Joyce SIDDELEY  was born in 1907 in St Marks Church Worsley Lancashire England, died in 1930 in Caulfield Melbourne VIC Australia at age 23, and was buried on 9 Jul 1930 in St.Kilda Cemetery Melbourne VIC Australia.
26. Alice Lillian SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born in 1866 in Kew Melbourne Colony of Victoria, died on 14 Jun 1939 in Sydney NSW Australia at age 73, and was buried on 15 Jun 1939 in Rookwood Cemetery Lidcombe Sydney NSW Australia. Another name for Alice was Dot.
Alice married Walter John KEEP  [MRIN: 2494], son of John KEEP  and Elizabeth AYERS , on 20 Oct 1891 in Colony of Victoria. Walter was born in 1854 in Duke Place Balmain Sydney Colony of NEW SOUTH WALES, died on 17 Dec 1922 in Burwood Sydney NSW Australia at age 68, and was buried in Rookwood Cemetery Lidcombe Sydney NSW Australia.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 45 F i. Helen Noel KEEP  was born in 1893 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales and died on 16 Jul 1992 in Sydney NSW Australia at age 99.
46 F ii. Phyllis Elizabeth KEEP  was born in 1895 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales and died in 1991 in England at age 96.
General Notes: Unmarried, went to UK and lived in Tunbridge Wells & Wimbledon
+ 47 F iii. Nancy Lillian KEEP  was born on 1 Apr 1897 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales and died on 28 Apr 1994 in Paddington Sydney NSW Australia at age 97.
+ 48 M iv. Edward Francis KEEP  was born in 1899 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales and died in 1970 in Bowral NSW Australia at age 71.
+ 49 F v. Margaret Sylvia KEEP  was born on 16 Dec 1906 in Sydney NSW Australia and died on 4 Dec 1995 in Ashmore Dorset England at age 88.
28. Sophie Helen SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born in 1869 in Kew Melbourne Colony of Victoria and died in 1939 in Woollahra Sydney NSW Australia at age 70. Another name for Sophie was Nelly.
Sophie married Francis Ivo BLIGH, Jp  [MRIN: 7717], son of Francis John BLIGH  and Mary Jane BOND , in Apr 1894 in Sydney Colony of New South Wales. Francis was born about 1866 and died in 1940 in Woollahra Sydney NSW Australia about age 74. Another name for Francis was Frank.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 50 F i. Frances Hope BLIGH  was born in 1896 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales.
+ 51 F ii. Helen June BLIGH  was born in 1897 in Burwood Sydney Colony of New South Wales and died on 15 Feb 1988 at age 91.
+ 52 M iii. Francis Leonard BLIGH  was born on 1 Nov 1911 in Burwood Sydney NSW Australia and died on 9 Oct 1987 in Woodhouselee NSW Australia at age 75.
53 F iv. Clifford Ivea BLIGH  .
Clifford married Lt.Col. Leonard TETLEY, CBE  [MRIN: 8225], son of Henry Greenwood TETLEY  and Charlotte SEARLE , in 1932 in Woollahra Sydney NSW Australia.
29. Ida Victoria SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born in 1871 in Kew Melbourne Colony of Victoria.
Ida married Capt. George GOSS  [MRIN: 2495] in 1901.
The child from this marriage was:
54 F i. Beryl GOSS  .
30. Ernest Joshua SIDDELEY  (William14, Joshua10, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born in Nov 1872 in Kew Melbourne Colony of Victoria and died in 1965 in St.Leonards Sydney NSW Australia at age 93.
Ernest married Alecia Margaret RAFTERY  [MRIN: 7750], daughter of Patrick Bernard RAFTERY  and Hannah A MUNDY , in 1906 in Dapto NSW Australia. Alecia was born in 1877 and died in 1972 in St.Leonards Sydney NSW Australia at age 95.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 55 F i. Joyce Lynette SIDDELEY  was born in 1908 in Chillagoe QLD Australia.
+ 56 M ii. Eric Francis SIDDELEY  was born on 13 Mar 1909 in Sydney NSW Australia and died on 19 Apr 1992 in Royal North Shore Hospital St.Leonards Sydney NSW Australia at age 83.
31. John Davenport SIDDELEY, 1st Baron Kenilworth  (William17, Samuel11, Samuel8, Samuel6, Samuel4, Samuel3, Randle2, Randle1) was born in 1866 and died in 1953 at age 87.
His child was:
+ 57 M i. Cyril Davenport SIDDELEY, 2nd Baron Kenilworth  was born in 1894.